TRAF6 mediated IRF7 activation

Stable Identifier
Homo sapiens
Related Species
Influenza A virus, Rotavirus, Hepatitis C Virus, Measles virus
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TRAF6 is crucial for both RIG-I- and MDA5-mediated antiviral responses. The absence of TRAF6 resulted in enhanced viral replication and a significant reduction in the production of type I IFNs and IL6 after infection with RNA virus. Activation of NF-kB and IRF7, but not that of IRF3, was significantly impaired during RIG-like helicases (RLHs) signaling in the absence of TRAF6. TRAF6-induced activation of IRF is likely to be specific for IRF7, while TRAF3 is thought to activate both IRF3 and IRF7. These results strongly suggest that the TRAF6- and TRAF3-dependent pathways are likely to bifurcate at IPS-1, but to converge later at IRF7 in order to co-operatively induce sufficient production of type I IFNs during RLH signaling.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
19479062 TRAF6 establishes innate immune responses by activating NF-kappaB and IRF7 upon sensing cytosolic viral RNA and DNA

Takeuchi, O, Kato, A, Goto, H, Tsunetsugu-Yokota, Y, Su, B, Yamazaki, K, Yamamoto, T, Inoue, J, Semba, K, Akira, S, Akiyama, T, Gohda, J, Konno, H, Kawaguchi, Y, Imai, T, Yujiri, T

PLoS One 2009
Orthologous Events
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