G beta:gamma signalling through CDC42

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-8964616
Type
Pathway
Species
Homo sapiens
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G-Protein Coupled Receptors (GPCR) sense extracellular signals and activate different Guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G-proteins) that have alpha, beta and gamma subunits. Upon activation, the alpha subunit of G-proteins dissociates from beta-gamma and the both are then free to regulate downstream effectors. Serine/threonine-protein kinase PAK 1 binds with Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 6 (ARHGEF6, PIX-Alpha) in the cytosol and is subsequently translocated by the G-protein beta-gamma complex to the plasma membrane. Here, ARHGEF6 activates Cell division control protein 42 homolog (CDC42) by acting as a GEF. Once active, CDC42 can facilitate the activation of PAK1. CDC42 is known to be involved in epithelial cell polarization processes.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
12887923 Directional sensing requires G beta gamma-mediated PAK1 and PIX alpha-dependent activation of Cdc42

Li, Z, Hannigan, M, Mo, Z, Liu, B, Lu, W, Wu, Y, Smrcka, AV, Wu, G, Li, L, Liu, M, Huang, CK, Wu, D

Cell 2003
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