DHA isomerizes to 4-Androstene3,17-dione

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-193073
Type
Reaction
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

In this two-step reaction catalyzed by 3beta-HSD associated with the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, the 3-hydroxyl group of DHA is oxidized to a keto group and the double bond in the steroid nucleus is then isomerized from the five to the 4 position. Corticotropin (Adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH) acts through the ACTH receptor called melanocortin receptor type 2 (MC2R) to stimulate steroidogenesis, increasing the production of androgens (McKenna et al, 1997).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
2243100 Characterization of human 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5-delta 4-isomerase gene and its expression in mammalian cells

Lachance, Y, Luu-The, V, Labrie, C, Simard, J, Dumont, M, de Launoit, Y, Guerin, S, Leblanc, G, Labrie, F

J Biol Chem 1990
9536209 A critical review of the origin and control of adrenal androgens

McKenna, TJ, Fearon, U, Clarke, D, Cunningham, SK

Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol 1997
Participants
Participant Of
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
steroid delta-isomerase activity of HSD2B1 or HSD3B2 dimer [endoplasmic reticulum membrane]
Physical Entity
Activity
This entity is regulated by
Positive Regulation
Orthologous Events
Authored
Reviewed