VD3 binds GC

Stable Identifier
Reaction [binding]
Homo sapiens
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Vitamin D metabolites such as VD3 are lipophilic and must be transported in the circulation bound to plasma proteins. Vitamin D3 is transported to the liver bound to a plasma protein called vitamin D binding protein (GC aka DBP) (Verboven et al. 2002). GC is a 58 kDa circulating glycoprotein that transports vitamin D metabolites. The vast majority of vitamin D metabolites circulate bound to GC (85–90%), some bound to albumin (10–15%), with the remainder (<1%) circulating in the free form. GC has more than 1000-fold stronger binding affinity for vitamin D metabolites than albumin. Thus, the albumin-bound and free fractions of vitamin D metabolites are considered bioavailable (Denburg et al. 2016).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
11799400 A structural basis for the unique binding features of the human vitamin D-binding protein

De Maeyer, M, Bouillon, R, De Ranter, C, Van Baelen, H, Rabijns, A, Verboven, C

Nat Struct Biol 2002
27250744 Comparison of Two ELISA Methods and Mass Spectrometry for Measurement of Vitamin D-Binding Protein: Implications for the Assessment of Bioavailable Vitamin D Concentrations Across Genotypes

Appel, LJ, Gupta, J, Sayed, S, Leonard, MB, de Boer, IH, Feldman, HI, Whitehead, K, Durazo-Arvizu, R, Hoofnagle, AN, Denburg, MR

J. Bone Miner. Res. 2016
Orthologous Events
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