At the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) is hydrolyzed, and has one of its acyl chains cleaved off by membrane-associated phospholipase A2 gamma 2A, PLA2G2A, to form 2-acyl lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE) (Yamashita et al. 2005, Ghomashchi et al. 2010, Yamashita et al. 2009). Cytosolic phospholipase A2 enzymes show not only PLA2 hydrolyzing activity to form the 1-acyl lysophospholipid but also have a degree of PLA1 activity, producing a 2-acyl lysophospholipid.