Oxidative demethylation of 3-meC damaged DNA By ALKBH3

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-112124
Type
Reaction [transition]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
General
SVG |   | PPTX  | SBGN
Click the image above or here to open this reaction in the Pathway Browser
The layout of this reaction may differ from that in the pathway view due to the constraints in pathway layout

ALKBH3, a homolog of E.coli AlkB (Trewick et al. 2002), removes the methyl group from 3-methylcytosine (3-meC) in a reaction dependent on alpha-ketoglutarate, oxygen and Fe2+. ALKBH3 directly reverses the alkylating damage of DNA in the form of 3-meC, releasing formaldehyde (Duncan et al. 2002). The reversal of alkylating damage of dsDNA by ALKBH3 requires the presence of DNA helicase ASCC3, a component of the activating signal co-integrator complex (Dango et al. 2011). ALKBH3 can also repair methylated RNA (Aas et al. 2003).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
12486230 Reversal of DNA alkylation damage by two human dioxygenases.

Duncan, T, Trewick, SC, Koivisto, P, Bates, PA, Lindahl, T, Sedgwick, B

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2002
Participants
Participant Of
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
dioxygenase activity of ALKBH3:Fe2+:ASCC1:ASCC2:ASCC3:3-meC-dsDNA [nucleoplasm]
Physical Entity
Activity
Authored
Reviewed
Created
Cite Us!