ATP-binding cassette sub-family C member 8 (ABCC8) is a subunit of the beta-cell ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP). KATP channels play an important role in the control of insulin release. Elevation of the ATP:ADP ratio closes KATP channels leading to cellular depolarisation, calcium influx and exocytosis of insulin from its storage granules. Defects in ABCC8 can cause dysregulation of insulin secretion resulting in hyperglycemias or hypoglycemias. Specific phenotypes observed are noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM; MIM:125853), permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM; MIM:606176), transient neonatal diabetes mellitus 2 (TNDM2; MIM:610374), familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia 1 (HHF1; MIM:256450) and leucine-induced hypoglycemia (LIH; MIM:240800) (Edghill et al. 2010, Flanagan et al. 2009, Yorifuji 2014, Yang et al. 2010, Chandran et al. 2014).