Defective SLC5A2 does not cotransport Glc and Na+ from extracellular region to cytosol

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5658163
Type
Reaction [transition]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
General
SVG |   | PPTX  | SBGN
Click the image above or here to open this reaction in the Pathway Browser
The layout of this reaction may differ from that in the pathway view due to the constraints in pathway layout

The human gene SLC5A2 encodes a sodium-dependent glucose transporter (SGLT2), expressed in many tissues but primarily in the kidney, specifically S1 and S2 proximal tubule segments. It is a low affinity, high capacity transporter of glucose across the apical membrane, with co-transport of Na+ ions in a 1:1 ratio and is the main transporter of glucose in the kidney, responsible for approximately 98% of glucose reabsorption (reaminder by SGLT1). Defects in SLC5A2 are the cause of renal glucosuria (GLYS1; MIM:233100), an autosomal recessive renal tubular disorder characterised by glucosuria in the absence of both hyperglycemia and generalized proximal tubular dysfunction. Mutations that cause GLYS1 include W440*, Q167fs*186, N654S and R479G (van den Heuvel et al. 2002, Calado et al. 2004, Yu et al. 2011).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
21165652 Abnormal expression and dysfunction of novel SGLT2 mutations identified in familial renal glucosuria patients

Yu, L, Lv, JC, Zhou, XJ, Zhu, L, Hou, P, Zhang, H

Hum. Genet. 2011
12436245 Autosomal recessive renal glucosuria attributable to a mutation in the sodium glucose cotransporter (SGLT2)

van den Heuvel, LP, Assink, K, Willemsen, M, Monnens, L

Hum. Genet. 2002
14614622 Novel compound heterozygous mutations in SLC5A2 are responsible for autosomal recessive renal glucosuria

Calado, J, Soto, K, Clemente, C, Correia, P, Rueff, J

Hum Genet 2004
Participants
Participant Of
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
glucose:sodium symporter activity of SLC5A2 mutants [plasma membrane]
Physical Entity
Activity
Normal reaction
Disease
Name Identifier Synonyms
renal tubular transport disease 447 inborn renal tubular transport disorder
Authored
Reviewed
Created
Cite Us!