BoNT/C HC transports BoNT/C LC from target cell synaptic vesicle membrane to cytosol

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5246514
Type
Reaction [omitted]
Species
Homo sapiens
Related Species
Clostridium botulinum
Compartment
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By analogy to the process described for botulinum toxin type A (Koriazova and Montal 2003; Montal 2010), acidification, a normal step in synaptic vesicle recycling, is inferred to cause a conformational change in the botulinum toxin type C disulfide-bonded heavy chain - light chain dimer (BoNT/C HC:LC) it contains, allowing the HC part of the toxin to function as a channel through which its LC part is extruded into the neuronal cytosol. The HC - LC disulfide bond is cleaved. Recent studies in vitro suggest that GT1b ganglioside associated with the toxin may play a role in this process (Sun et al. 2012).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
20233039 Botulinum neurotoxin: a marvel of protein design

Montal, M

Annu. Rev. Biochem. 2010
22720883 Botulinum neurotoxins B and E translocate at different rates and exhibit divergent responses to GT1b and low pH

Sun, S, Tepp, WH, Johnson, EA, Chapman, ER

Biochemistry 2012
12459720 Translocation of botulinum neurotoxin light chain protease through the heavy chain channel

Koriazova, LK, Montal, M

Nat Struct Biol 2003
Participants
Participant Of
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
protein transmembrane transporter activity of BoNT/C:GT1b [synaptic vesicle membrane]
Physical Entity
Activity
This event is regulated
Disease
Name Identifier Synonyms
botulism 11976 Botulism (disorder), Intoxication with Clostridium botulinum toxin, Botulism, Infection due to clostridium botulinum, Botulism, Foodborne botulism, botulism, Botulism, Botulism, Botulism, Food poisoning due to Clostridium botulinum, Botulism poisoning
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Created
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