SLC26A1,2 cotransport SO4(2-), H+ from extracellular region to cytosol

Stable Identifier
Homo sapiens
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The SLC26A1 and 2 genes encode proteins that facilitate sulfate (SO4(2-)) uptake into cells (Alper & Sharma 2013). The mechanism by which these transporters work is unclear but may be enhanced by extracellular halides or acidic pH environments, cotransporting protons electroneutrally. Both can transport SO4(2-) (as well as oxalate and Cl-) across the basolateral membrane of epithelial cells. SLC26A1 encodes the sulfate anion transporter 1 (SAT1) (Regeer et al. 2003) and is most abundantly expressed in the liver and kidney, with lower levels expressed in many other parts of the body. SLC26A2 is ubiquitously expressed and encodes a sulfate transporter (Diastrophic dysplasia protein, DTD, DTDST) (Hastbacka et al. 1994). This transporter provides sulfate for sulfation of glycosaminoglycan chains in proteoglycans needed for cartilage development. Defects in SLC26A2 are implicated in the pathogenesis of several human chondrodysplasias.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
12713736 Characterization of the human sulfate anion transporter (hsat-1) protein and gene (SAT1; SLC26A1)

Regeer, RR, Markovich, D, Lee, A

DNA Cell Biol 2003
23506885 The SLC26 gene family of anion transporters and channels

Alper, SL, Sharma, AK

Mol. Aspects Med. 2013
7923357 The diastrophic dysplasia gene encodes a novel sulfate transporter: positional cloning by fine-structure linkage disequilibrium mapping

Reeve-Daly, MP, Clines, G, Weaver, A, Mahtani, MM, Kusumi, K, Daly, M, Trivedi, B, Hamilton, BA, de la Chapelle, A

Cell 1994
Catalyst Activity

sulfate transmembrane transporter activity of SLC26A1,2 [plasma membrane]

Orthologous Events
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