Aldehyde oxidase (AOX1) is a complex molybdo-flavoprotein that belongs to the xanthine oxidase family. It is active as a homodimer, with each monomer binding two distinct [2Fe2S] clusters, FAD and the molybdenum cofactor. AOX1 plays an important role in the metabolism of drugs based on its broad substrate specificity oxidising aromatic aza-heterocycles and aldehydes (Hartmann et al. 2012).
aldehyde oxidase activity of 2xAOX1:cofactors [cytosol]