Deamination of C residues during synthesis of HIV-1 reverse transcript minus-strand

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
Related Species
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
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During reverse transcription, APOBEC3G-mediated minus-strand deamination occurs within a CC dinucleotide context over the entire length of the HIV-1 genome (Yu et al., 2004).
The polypurine tract is essential for plus strand synthesis and is located at the 3' end of the retroviral genome. HIV-1 encodes an additional central polypurine tract located in the middle of the genome which also serves as primer for plus strand synthesis.
Deamination of the minus strand continues throughout its synthesis with the frequency of deamination events increasing from the 5' to 3' regions. A 400bp region downstream of the central polypurine tract seems to be protected from deamination (Wurtzer et al., 2006)

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
15098018 Single-strand specificity of APOBEC3G accounts for minus-strand deamination of the HIV genome

Pillai, S, Yu, Q, Konig, R, Richman, D, Kearney, M, Coffin, JM, Chiles, K, Landau, NR, Palmer, S

Nat Struct Mol Biol 2004
12808465 The cytidine deaminase CEM15 induces hypermutation in newly synthesized HIV-1 DNA

Yang, B, Gao, L, Pomerantz, RJ, Zhang, H, Arunachalam, SC, Zhang, C

Nature 2003
Catalyst Activity

dCTP deaminase activity of APOBEC3G [cytosol]

Name Identifier Synonyms
Human immunodeficiency virus infectious disease DOID:526 HIV infection
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