Elongation, Polyadenylation and Termination

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-168301
Type
Reaction [omitted]
Species
Homo sapiens
Related Species
Influenza A virus
Compartment
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Catalyzed by the RNA polymerase activity of the viral PB1 subunit, an mRNA complementary to the bound vRNA is synthesized (Plotch, 1977). PA and PB2 move down the growing mRNA in complex with PB1, with PB2 possibly dissociating from the cap (Braam, 1983). However, the 5’ end of the vRNA may remain bound during elongation as the template is threaded through in a 3’ to 5’ direction until a polyadenylation signal is encountered (Poon, 1998; Zheng, 1999).
A poly-uridine sequence motif, consisting in most cases of 5-7 U residues, abuts the "panhandle" duplex structure in the vRNA; this sequence is approximately 16 nucleotides from the 5' end of this RNA duplex structure within the vRNA promoter. Encountering this signal, the viral RNA polymerase stutters, leading to the synthesis of a poly-A tail on the viral mRNA (Robertson, 1981; Luo, 1991; Li,1994; Poon, 1998; Zheng et al. 1999).

Participants
Participant Of
Event Information
Go Biological Process
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
RNA-directed 5'-3' RNA polymerase activity of Viral Polymerase [nucleoplasm]
Physical Entity
Activity
Disease
Name Identifier Synonyms
influenza 8469 Influenza with other manifestations (disorder), Influenza with other manifestations NOS (disorder), flu, Influenza with other manifestations, Influenza with non-respiratory manifestation (disorder), influenza with non-respiratory manifestation
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