TAG is hydrolyzed to DAG by PNPLA2/3

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
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At the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, triacylglycerol (TAG) is hydrolyzed, removing one of its acyl groups to form diacylglycerol (DAG) by patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 2/3 (PNPLA2/3) (He et al. 2010, Jenkins et al. 2004, Basantani et al. 2011).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
21068004 Pnpla3/Adiponutrin deficiency in mice does not contribute to fatty liver disease or metabolic syndrome

Kershaw, EE, Schoiswohl, G, Gardner, NP, Yang, K, Basantani, MK, Sitnick, MT, Gross, RW, Li, JZ, Brenner, DS, Zechner, R, Cai, L, Kumari, M

J Lipid Res 2011
20034933 A sequence variation (I148M) in PNPLA3 associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease disrupts triglyceride hydrolysis

Garuti, R, Hobbs, HH, Kinch, L, McPhaul, C, Cohen, JC, Li, JZ, Grishin, NV, He, S

J Biol Chem 2010
15364929 Identification, cloning, expression, and purification of three novel human calcium-independent phospholipase A2 family members possessing triacylglycerol lipase and acylglycerol transacylase activities

Gibson, B, Yan, W, Sims, HF, Gross, RW, Jenkins, CM, Mancuso, DJ

J Biol Chem 2004
Catalyst Activity

triglyceride lipase activity of PNPLA2/3 [endoplasmic reticulum membrane]

Orthologous Events
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