The cytoplasmic tails of MHC class I molecules do not possess any of the known ER export sequences. BAP31 acts as a cargo receptor by exporting peptide-loaded class I MHC molecules to the ER exit sites or ER/Golgi intermediate compartment. Sec24 of the Sec23-Sec24/Sar1-GTP complex catches cargo by direct contact, forming the prebudding complex. Sar1/Sec23-Sec24 can bring about curvature of the membrane in the formation of vesicle. The cargo (antigen-bound MHC) accumulates within the COPII vesicle by binding to the Sec24 polypeptide of the COPII coat.
SARS-CoV-2 ORF8 (8) induces BECN1-dependent autophagy to degrade class I MHC leading to impaired antigen presentation (Zhang Y et al. 2021).