Metastable C3b can bind a wide variety of proteins and carbohydrates expressed on biological surfaces (Coico & Sunshine, 2009; Kimball 2010). This is an essentially random event (Dodds & Law, 1998); binding may be to host or microorganism. However, certain surface sugars have greater C3b binding rates, perhaps explaining variations in microorganism suceptibility (Pangburn, M. in The Complement System, Ed. Rother et al. 1998).