DDX58 binds SARS-CoV-2 dsRNA intermediates

Stable Identifier
Reaction [binding]
Homo sapiens
Related Species
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
SARS-CoV-2 dsRNA binds to RIG-I
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The replication strategy of SARS-CoV-2 can generate double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) intermediates, that may act as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) recognized by cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptor (PRR) such as antiviral innate immune response receptor RIG-I (also known as DEAD box protein 58, DDX58). DDX58 recognizes short dsRNAs. Viral RNA binding provokes a change in DDX58 conformation exposing the caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD) leading to DDX58 oligomerization, allowing it to interact with mitochondrial antiviral‑signaling protein (MAVS, IPS‑1).

Gene ablation using CRISPR/Cas9 showed that both DDX58 and IFIH1 sense severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in human embryonic kidney HEK293T cells (Kouwaki T et al. 2021). Similar findings were reported for SARS-CoV-2-infected human adenocarcinoma-derived lung epithelial Calu-3 cells (Thorne LG et al. 2021). On the contrary, several studies showed that depletion of DDX58 had no effect in infected Calu-3 cells (Sampaio NG et al. 2021; Yin X et al. 2021; Rebendenne A et al. 2021). Another group reported that the helicase domain of DDX58 interacts with the 3′ UTR of the SARS-CoV-2 RNA in human lung epithelial cells, though this interaction failed to activate the ATPase activity of DDX58 and binding to MAVS (Yamada T et al. 2021). DDX58 (RIG-I), along with other proteins associated to virus infection (MAVS, TRAFs), were differentially expressed in COVID-19 patients vs healthy controls (Leng L et al. 2020). This Reactome event describes binding of DDX58 (RIG-I) to SARS-CoV-2 dsRNA intermediates, however the role of DDX58 in the antiviral innate immune response to SARS-CoV-2 remains elusive.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
15208624 The RNA helicase RIG-I has an essential function in double-stranded RNA-induced innate antiviral responses

Taira, K, Shinobu, N, Yoneyama, M, Fujita, T, Miyagishi, M, Kikuchi, M, Imaizumi, T, Natsukawa, T

Nat Immunol 2004
This event is regulated
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