DICER1 cleaves tRNA

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-9708292
Type
Reaction [uncertain]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
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DICER1 cleaves: tRNA Gln CTG in the D-loop, releasing a 19 nt fragment from the 5' end of the tRNA (Cole et al. 2009); tRNA Gly GCC, releasing a 22 nt fragment, tRF-3b (tRF-3027b), from the 3' end of the tRNA (Maute et al. 2013); precursor tRNA Ile TAT, releasing a 21 nt fragment, known as sRNA-Ile or miR-1983, from the 3' end of the tRNA (Hasler et al. 2016, and inferred from mouse homologs). Most tRFs are thought to arise in a DICER1 independent manner, however, as deletion of DICER1 does not significantly alter tRF expression (Kumar et al. 2014, Kuscu and Kumar et al. 2018).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
23297232 tRNA-derived microRNA modulates proliferation and the DNA damage response and is down-regulated in B cell lymphoma

Maute, RL, Schneider, C, Sumazin, P, Holmes, A, Califano, A, Basso, K, Dalla-Favera, R

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013
25270025 Meta-analysis of tRNA derived RNA fragments reveals that they are evolutionarily conserved and associate with AGO proteins to recognize specific RNA targets

Kumar, P, Anaya, J, Mudunuri, SB, Dutta, A

BMC Biol 2014
27345152 The Lupus Autoantigen La Prevents Mis-channeling of tRNA Fragments into the Human MicroRNA Pathway

Hasler, D, Lehmann, G, Murakawa, Y, Klironomos, F, Jakob, L, Grässer, FA, Rajewsky, N, Landthaler, M, Meister, G

Mol Cell 2016
29844106 tRNA fragments (tRFs) guide Ago to regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally in a Dicer-independent manner

Kuscu, C, Kumar, P, Kiran, M, Su, Z, Malik, A, Dutta, A

RNA 2018
19850906 Filtering of deep sequencing data reveals the existence of abundant Dicer-dependent small RNAs derived from tRNAs

Cole, C, Sobala, A, Lu, C, Thatcher, SR, Bowman, A, Brown, JW, Green, PJ, Barton, GJ, Hutvagner, G

RNA 2009
Participants
Participates
Catalyst Activity

ribonuclease III activity of DICER1 [cytosol]

Inferred From
Authored
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