Factor IIa inhibitors (peptide) binds IIa

Stable Identifier
Reaction [binding]
Homo sapiens
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In the blood coagulation process, prothrombin is proteolytically cleaved to form thrombin (factor IIa) which in turn, acts as a serine protease that converts soluble fibrinogen into insoluble strands of fibrin. Specifically, thrombin converts factor XI to XIa, factor VIII to VIIIa, factor V to Va, fibrinogen to fibrin, and factor XIII to XIIIa. Direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs) represent a new class of promising anticoagulation agents. DTIs are increasingly being used instead of heparin to provide initial, rapid anticoagulation. Unlike heparin, which requires a mediator (antithrombin) to potentiate anticoagulation, Peptide DTIs can inhibit free and bound thrombin directly. Lepirudin (brand name Refludan) is a recombinant hirudin derived from yeast cells (Weitz et al. 1990). Hirudin is a naturally occurring anticoagulant produced by the salivary glands of medicinal leeches. Bivalirudin (brand name Angiomax, Angiox) is a synthetic analog of hirudin, with a shorter period of binding to thrombin (Gladwell 2002). Desirudin (brand name Iprivask) is another recombinant hirudin derivative that directly inhibits free and fibrin-bound thrombin (Graetz et al. 2011).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
21932952 Desirudin: a review of the pharmacology and clinical application for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis

Graetz, TJ, Tellor, BR, Smith, JR, Avidan, MS

Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2011
11833835 Bivalirudin: a direct thrombin inhibitor

Gladwell, TD

Clin Ther 2002
2384594 Clot-bound thrombin is protected from inhibition by heparin-antithrombin III but is susceptible to inactivation by antithrombin III-independent inhibitors

Weitz, JI, Hudoba, M, Massel, D, Maraganore, J, Hirsh, J

J. Clin. Invest. 1990
Participant Of
Name Identifier Synonyms
pulmonary embolism 9477 pulmonary embolus, pulmonary artery embolism