CYP monooxygenates EPA to 18(S)-HpEPE

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
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The same cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms that metabolise the ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) arachidonic acid (AA) accept the ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as efficient alternative substrates (Arnold et al. 2010a). Several human CYPs are thought to oxidise EPA to 18(S)-hydroperoxyeicosapentaenoic acid (18(S)-HpEPE) although the exact CYP enzymes involved are not known (Arnold et al. 2010b, Weylandt et al. 2012). Microbial CYPs can generate 18-HEPE from EPA (Serhan et al. 2000) that can be converted by human PMNs to RvE1 and RvE2 (Arita et al. 2005). The microbial content in the local environment can therefore, also be a critical factor in the production of E-series resolvins in vivo in humans.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
20732876 Arachidonic acid-metabolizing cytochrome P450 enzymes are targets of {omega}-3 fatty acids

Konkel, A, Markovic, M, Schunck, WH, von Schacky, C, Muller, DN, Luft, FC, Blossey, K, Fischer, R, Wallukat, G, Rothe, M, Arnold, C, Dechend, R

J. Biol. Chem. 2010
Catalyst Activity

monooxygenase activity of CYP [endoplasmic reticulum membrane]

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