Gamma-secretase cleaves APP(672-770) to APP(672-711) and APP(672-713)

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-9010096
Type
Reaction [transition]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Synonyms
Gamma secretase cleaves APPs-beta to Abeta-40 and Abeta-42
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Beta secretase 1 (BACE1) catalyses the cleavage of APP(18 770) within the ectodomain and liberates a soluble proteolytic fragment, termed soluble APP beta (APPs beta, APP(18 671)) (Parvathy et al. 1999, Kinoshita et al. 2003). APPs beta is subsequently cleaved by the presenilin (PS) containing gamma secretase complex to eventually (step wise details of multiple cleavages not shown here) liberate the neurotoxic Abeta peptides 42 and 40 (APP(672 713) and APP(672 711) respectively) (Huse et al. 2002, Ehehalt et al. 2003, Anderson et al. 2005, Fukumori et al. 2006, Takami et al. 2009, Andrew et al. 2016).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
19828817 gamma-Secretase: successive tripeptide and tetrapeptide release from the transmembrane domain of beta-carboxyl terminal fragment

Takami, M, Nagashima, Y, Sano, Y, Ishihara, S, Morishima-Kawashima, M, Funamoto, S, Ihara, Y

J. Neurosci. 2009
Participants
Participant Of
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
endopeptidase activity of gamma-secretase complex [endosome membrane]
Physical Entity
Activity
Authored
Reviewed
Created