PLD6 dimer hydrolyses cardiolipin to PA and PG

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
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Mitochondrial cardiolipin hydrolase (PLD6 aka MitoPLD) is located on the outer mitochondrial membrane and promotes trans-mitochondrial membrane adherence (mitochondrial fusion) in a Mfn-dependent manner by hydrolysing cardiolipin to generate the acidic fusogenic lipid phosphatidic acid (PA) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) (Choi et al. 2006). Although cardiolipin is primarily an inner mitochondrial membrane-located protein, the outer mitochondrial membrane also contains around 10-20% cardiolipin and cardiolipin has been shown to translocate in a regulatable manner between the compartments (Liu et al. 2003). Mitoguardin 1 and 2 (MIGA1 and MIGA2) are regulators of mitochondrial membrane fusion. They form homo- or hetero-dimers at the mitochondrial outer membrane where they interact with PLD6 to stabilise it and/or facilitate PLD6 dimer formation (Zhang et al. 2016).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
14573790 Phospholipid scramblase 3 controls mitochondrial structure, function, and apoptotic response

Durrant, D, Dai, Q, Freeman, A, Grossman, D, Chen, J, Liu, T, Lee, RM, Liu, J

Mol. Cancer Res. 2003
17028579 A common lipid links Mfn-mediated mitochondrial fusion and SNARE-regulated exocytosis

Jenkins, GM, Huang, P, Schiller, J, Chan, DC, Frohman, MA, Choi, SY

Nat. Cell Biol. 2006
26711011 Mitoguardin Regulates Mitochondrial Fusion through MitoPLD and Is Required for Neuronal Homeostasis

Zhang, Y, Fan, HY, Tong, C, Shang, W, Duan, X, Tian, X, Zhao, X, Bai, J, Liu, W, Liu, X

Mol. Cell 2016
Catalyst Activity

cardiolipin hydrolase activity of PLD6 dimer [mitochondrial outer membrane]

This event is regulated
Orthologous Events
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