Vanin (VNN1) is a membrane pantetheine hydrolase or pantetheinase (EC 3.56.1.-) (Maras et al. 1999, Martin et al. 2001), part of a cluster of three human orthologous genes (VNN1, VNN2, VNN3) on Chr. 6q22-24 (Kaskow et al. 2012, Boersma et al. 2014). VNN3 is a pseudogene in humans. Vanins catalyse the hydrolysis of pantetheine to pantothenic acid (PanK, vitamin B5) and cysteamine (2AET), a powerful anti-oxidant. PanK is the initial substrate for the synthesis of Coenzyme A (CoA-SH).