Ivacaftor binds CFTR G551D

Stable Identifier
Reaction [binding]
Homo sapiens
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Defects in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) can cause cystic fibrosis (CF; MIM:602421), a common generalised disorder in Caucasians affecting the exocrine glands. CF results in an ionic imbalance that impairs clearance of secretions, not only in the lung, but also in the pancreas, gastrointestinal tract and liver. Wide-ranging manifestations of the disease include chronic lung disease, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, blockage of the terminal ileum, male infertility and salty sweat. The class 3 mutations of CFTR such as G551D strongly decrease the time spent by CFTR in the open state (a gating defect). Results from 2-phase clinical trials using VX-770 (aka Ivacaftor), a CFTR potentiator, showed an increased CFTR channel open probability in G551D patients. Ivacaftor use showed improvements in CFTR and lung function of patients with at least one G551D allele (Accurso et al. 2010, Ramsey et al. 2011, Kapoor et al. 2014). In 2012, the FDA approved Ivacaftor (under the trade name Kalydeco) for use in cystic fibrosis patients with the G551D mutation (Ledford 2012).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
21083385 Effect of VX-770 in persons with cystic fibrosis and the G551D-CFTR mutation

Rowe, SM, Ramsey, BW, Campbell, PW, Sagel, SD, Ashlock, MA, Clancy, JP, Moss, RB, Pilewski, JM, Boyle, MP, Dunitz, JM, Rose, LM, Olson, ER, Mayer-Hamblett, N, Accurso, FJ, Dong, Q, Uluer, AZ, Zha, J, Konstan, MW, Freedman, SD, Aitken, ML, Durie, PR, Ordoñez, CL, Stone, AJ, Rubenstein, RC, Donaldson, SH, Hornick, DB

N. Engl. J. Med. 2010
22318583 Drug bests cystic-fibrosis mutation

Ledford, H

Nature 2012
25584290 Ivacaftor: a novel mutation modulating drug

Singh, A, Kapoor, H, Koolwal, A

J Clin Diagn Res 2014
22047557 A CFTR potentiator in patients with cystic fibrosis and the G551D mutation

Moss, R, Davies, J, Rowe, SM, McKone, EF, Ratjen, F, Ramsey, BW, Elborn, JS, Dong, Q, Griese, M, Bell, SC, Konstan, MW, Yen, K, Sermet-Gaudelus, I, Tullis, E, McElvaney, NG, Wainwright, CE, Ordoñez, C, Rodriguez, S, Dřevínek, P

N. Engl. J. Med. 2011
Name Identifier Synonyms
cystic fibrosis DOID:1485 mucoviscidosis, CF
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