POLB incorporates a single nucleotide in place of excised AP residue in NEIL1,NEIL2-mediated AP site resolution

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
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POLB (DNA polymerase beta) incorporates a single nucleotide to extend the PNKP-processed 3' end of the single strand break (SSB) generated by the beta/delta lyase activity of NEIL1 or NEIL2. POLB thus replaces the excised AP (apurinic/apyrimidinic) deoxyribose phosphate residue (5'dRP) (Wiederhold et al. 2004, Das et al. 2006).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
16982218 NEIL2-initiated, APE-independent repair of oxidized bases in DNA: Evidence for a repair complex in human cells

Karimi-Busheri, F, Wang, H, Weinfeld, M, Mitra, S, Hazra, TK, Kedar, P, Wilson, SH, Leppard, JB, Prasad, R, Boldogh, I, Tomkinson, AE, Wiederhold, L, Das, A

DNA Repair (Amst.) 2006
15260972 AP endonuclease-independent DNA base excision repair in human cells

Karimi-Busheri, F, Weinfeld, M, Mitra, S, Wiederhold, L, Izumi, T, Hazra, TK, Kedar, P, Wilson, SH, Leppard, JB, Prasad, R, Rasouli-Nia, A, Tomkinson, AE

Mol. Cell 2004
Catalyst Activity

DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity of NEIL1,NEIL2:POLB:LIG3:XRCC1:PNKP:SSB-gap-dsDNA [nucleoplasm]

Orthologous Events
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