SUMO-CRABP2 dissociates from atRA:RAR:RXR

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5634103
Type
Reaction [dissociation]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
General
SVG |   | PPTX  | SBGN
Click the image above or here to open this reaction in the Pathway Browser
The layout of this reaction may differ from that in the pathway view due to the constraints in pathway layout

In the nucleus, cellular retinoic acid binding protein 2 (CRABP2), bound to all trans retinoic acid (atRA), directly binds to heterodimeric nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RAR:RXR) to form a complex through which atRA is channeled from the binding protein to RAR (Majumdar et al. 2011). The RAR:RXR heterodimer can be formed between any of three receptor isoforms for each; RARA, RARB, or RARG with RXRA, RXRB, or RXRG (Neiderreither and Dolle 2008). RARA requires sumoylation and phosphorylation for ligand binding and nuclear localisation (Zhu et al. 2009, Santos & Kim 2010).

RAR:RXR bind to their RA response elements (RARE, composed of tandem direct repeats of 5'-AGGTCA-3' spaced by either 2 bp or 5 bp (DR2, DR5) in response to their physiological ligand atRA, and regulate gene expression in various biological processes.

Participants
Participant Of
Orthologous Events
Authored
Reviewed
Created