Production of AA by iPLA2 upon FCGR activation

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-2029475
Type
Reaction [omitted]
Species
Homo sapiens
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Several members of phospholipase A (PLA) are involved in phagocytosis. Macrophages express three classes of PLA2: secreted Ca-dependent (sPLA2), cytosolic Ca-dependent (cPLA2) and cytosolic Ca-independent (iPLA2) of which iPLA2 is involved in FCGR mediated arachidonic acid (AA) production. Aggregation of FCGR triggers phosphorylation and membrane translocation of iPLA2. Protein kinase C (PKC), ERK and p38MAPK seems to regulate iPLA2 in monocytes, neutrophils and macrophages. Phosphorylated iPLA2 then mediates production of AA and lysoophospholipids from phosphatidylcholine. iPLA2 inhibitors (bromoenol lactone) block AA release and phagocytosis which can be restored upon addition of exogenous AA, suggesting a critical role for iPLA2 in FCGR phagocytosis (Lennartz et al. 1993, Tay & Melendez). Release of AA by activated iPLA2 changes the physical characteristic of the membrane which may facilitate pseudopod extension.

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Catalyst Activity
Title
hydrolase activity of PLA2G6 [cytosol]
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Orthologous Events
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