Import of PIC to the Host Nucleus

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
Related Species
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
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HIV can infect non-dividing cells, implying that the PIC must be able to traverse the nuclear membrane. In contrast, simple retroviruses such as MLV can only infect cells once they have passed through mitosis, potentially because they require breakdown of the nucleus to access chromosomal integration sites. The mechanism of nuclear localization is controversial. A variety of proposals have been made for nuclear localization sequences (NLS) in the PIC, but most of those have now been shown to be dispensible for HIV integration. According to a new idea from Yamashita and Emerman, it may be that the PIC is imported into the nucleus by a default pathway, while MLV PICs are retained in the cytoplasm because capsid protein is stably associated with PICs.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year

Coffin, JM, Hughes, SH, Varmus, HE

16291214 Retroviral DNA integration--mechanism and consequences

Lewinski, MK, Bushman, FD

Adv Genet 2005
Participant Of
Event Information
Go Biological Process
This event is regulated
Name Identifier Synonyms
Human immunodeficiency virus infectious disease 526 HIV infection
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