High levels of the end product, BH4, negatively regulates GCH1. It does this via GTP cyclohydrolase 1 feedback regulatory protein (GCHFR). BH4-dependant GCHFR in the form of a homopentamer complexes with the decameric GCH1 enzyme in the ratio 2:1 to inactivate it. L-phenylalanine reverses this inhibition. These regulatory steps control the biosynthesis of BH4. (Swick & Kapatos 2006, Chavan et al. 2006, Harada et al. 1993).